かならず 読んでください

痛みの主観性と質感

Paradoxia epidemica

池田光穂

■痛みの主観性と質感

「その痛みは意識のうえで経験されるかぎりにおいて存在する。したがって、それはある意味でまったく「主観的」であって「客観的」ではない。さらに、その 痛みには質的な感じがともなっている。意識のうえの痛みは、少なくとも主観性と質感という2つの特徴をそなえている」(サール 2006:16)

■他方「客観的」と表現される痛みの分類は以下のごとくである(→「痛みの文化人類学」)。

WHOは痛みを次の3つに分類する。

●痛みの認知的介入

Nisbett, Richard E. Schachter, Stanley(1966) The cognitive manipulation of pain.Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 2(3), 227-236. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-1031(66)90081-3)

"The experiment tests the notion that naturally occurring states of physiological arousal are manipulable in the same way that drug-induced arousal states have proven to be. The state of arousal studied is that produced by pain from electric shock. All Ss were given a placebo before the shock experience and ½ were told that the side effects would cause arousal symptoms such as palpitation, tremor, etc. The other ½ expected no such symptoms. Ss believing themselves to be in an artificial state of arousal failed to attribute their shock-created arousal to the shock, and found the shock less painful and were willing to tolerate more of it. This relabeling of a naturally occurring state was shown to occur only for Ss in a relatively low state of fear. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)"

リンク

文献

その他の情報

情動理解の文化人類学的基礎(ポータルに戻る)

Copyleft, CC, Mitzub'ixi Quq Chi'j, 1996-2099

Do not paste, but [re]think this message for all undergraduate students!!!